Capital: Kyiv (Kiev)

* Kiev was the official English writing of the capital of Ukraine around the world for quite some time. Official language in Ukraine now is Ukrainian. In Ukrainian it sounds more like "Kyiv"


Area: 603 700 km2 (water - 7%) (5,7% of the area of Europe or 0,44% of the world area)


Location: Central-Eastern Europe, part of the East-European plain, between 44''20' and 52''20' N and 22''5' and 41''15'E


Population: 47 732 079 (25th in the world, population density – 80 p/km2)


Currency: hryvnia (letter code UAH, digital code 980)


Official language: Ukrainian (however Russian is widely spoken especially in southern and eastern Ukraine)


Independence: August, 24, 1991


Government: semi-presidential unitary state


Time zone: GMT+2 (UTC+2), Summer (DST) - EEST (UTC+3) (the watches are set one hour forward in the last week of March and one hour backward in the last week of October)


Climate: moderately continental, except for Southern Crimea, where the climate is subtropical, of the Mediterranean type. The Carpathian climate is also mild, with warm winter and rainy summer


Average winter temperature is from -8° to -12° C (from +17.6° F to +3° F). In the Southern regions average winter temperature is 0° C (+32° F)


Average summer temperature is from +18° to +25° C (from +64.4° F to +77° F), although maximum temperature can be more than +35° C (+95° F)


Best time to visit Ukraine: summer, late spring and early autumn for someone who likes snow – winter time is the best!


Electricity: the standard electric voltage in Ukraine is 220 volts


Mobile standard: GSM 900/1800, CDMA, UMTS


International phone code: +380


Internet top-level domain: .ua


Holidays in Ukraine:


New Year’s Day - January 1

Christmas Day - January 7

Women’s Day - March 8

Velykden’ (Easter) - movable (April 15, 2012)

Labor Day - May 1 and 2

Victory Day - May 9

Triytsia (Pentecost) - movable (June 3, 2012)

Constitution Day - June 28

Independence Day - August 24


Except Easter and Triytsia, which mobility is linked to the religious tradition, all the above holidays are celebrated on a fixed day. Christmas Day and Velykden’ (Easter) are celebrated in accord to the Orthodox Old Calendar


New Year’s Day is one of the most popular holidays in modern Ukraine. In addition to the traditional celebrations the Old New Year’s Day, a folk symbol of tradition and originality, is marked on January 14


*If a holiday falls on a weekend, there will be a day off on the following Monday.


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